What is Go

Go is a deeply strategic and intellectually challenging board game that offers endless possibilities, fostering critical thinking, creativity, and a profound appreciation for the complexities of decision-making.


Go, also known as Baduk in Korean or Weiqi in Chinese, is an ancient board game that has captivated players for over 2,500 years. With its roots in China, Go has spread throughout the world and gained immense popularity, attracting millions of players who find delight in its engrossing gameplay and strategic challenges.

At first glance, Go may appear deceptively simple, as it consists of a plain grid board and two sets of black and white stones. The objective of the game is to gain control over the board by strategically placing and surrounding territories with your stones. However, beneath this straightforward premise lies a game of remarkable depth and complexity.

Go's allure lies in its endless possibilities and the strategic thinking it demands. With a grid board size of 19x19, the number of potential moves in Go exceeds the estimated number of atoms in the observable universe.1 This vast complexity ensures that no two games are alike, providing an endless supply of intellectual challenges. Through its rich history and cultural significance, Go has become more than just a game. It embodies deep philosophical principles such as balance, harmony, and strategic foresight. Playing Go not only exercises the mind but also encourages personal growth and self-discovery.

1. "AlphaGo - The Movie | Full award-winning documentary," YouTube

Benefits of Playing Go

Playing Go can offer several benefits for both elderly people and children. Here are some of the advantages specific to each group.

Benefits for Elderly People:

  • 1

    Cognitive Stimulation

    Go exercises the brain and promotes mental sharpness. It requires strategic thinking, planning, and problem-solving, which can help maintain cognitive function and memory.
  • 2

    Focus and Concentration

    Playing Go requires sustained focus and concentration. This can help improve attention span and mental endurance, which are beneficial for seniors looking to maintain or enhance their cognitive abilities. 
  • 3

    Social Interaction

    Go can be played with others, fostering social interaction and providing opportunities for seniors to engage with peers, make new friends, and strengthen existing relationships.
  • 4

    Stress Relief

    Engaging in a challenging but enjoyable activity like Go can serve as a form of stress relief for the elderly. It offers a break from daily routines and provides a mentally stimulating and absorbing experience.
  • 5

    Emotional Well-being

    Playing Go can promote a sense of accomplishment, satisfaction, and enjoyment. It can boost self-esteem, provide a sense of purpose, and contribute to overall emotional well-being.

Benefits for Children:

  • 1

    Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills

    Go encourages logical reasoning, critical thinking, and strategic planning. Children learn to evaluate different options, anticipate consequences, and make decisions, developing valuable problem-solving skills. 

  • 2

    Patience and Concentration

    Playing Go requires patience, as players must think ahead and consider long-term consequences. It helps children improve their ability to concentrate, focus, and develop a patient approach to decision-making.

  • 3

    Spatial Awareness and Visualization

    Go involves visualizing and analyzing complex board positions. This promotes spatial awareness, enhances visual-spatial skills, and strengthens mental imagery capabilities.

  • 4

    Memory Enhancement

    Go involves remembering and recalling moves made earlier in the game. Practicing and playing Go can contribute to improving memory skills, including short-term memory and the ability to recall patterns.
  • 5

    Sportsmanship and Character Development

    Go teaches children about sportsmanship, fair play, and respect for their opponents. It encourages patience, discipline, perseverance, and resilience, fostering positive character traits.